The Central Reserve Police Force came into existence as Crown Representative’s Police on 27th July
1939. It became the Central Reserve Police Force on enactment of the CRPF Act on 28th December 1949. It
has completed 81 years of glorious history. The Force has grown into a big organization with 247 Battalions,
Broad gamut of duties performed by the CRPF are: -
Crowd control / Riot control Counter Militancy / Insurgency operations / Dealing with Left Wing Extremism Fighting aggression during War time Overall co-ordination of large-scale security arrangement specially with regard to elections in disturbed areas. Protection of VIPs and vital installations. Checking environmental de-gradation and protection of local Flora and Fauna Participating in UN Peace Keeping Mission Rescue and Relief operations at the time of Natural Calamities.
Today it is fighting a full-scale guerrilla war in the Maoist affected Jammu & Kashmir & North East zones. CRPF has over the years fought some tough battles and stood along with the Army during war. Today, more than one third of the force is deployed in left wing extremist affected areas to control left-wing extremism. CRPF also undertook rescue and relief operations during various natural calamities like Orissa Super Cyclone (1999), Gujarat Earthquake (2001), Tsunami (2004) and J&K Earthquake (2005). CRPF has proved it's mettle during various overseas UN deployments like Srilanka (1987), Haiti (1995), Kosovo (2000) & Liberia (Women Contingent) (2007) also.
Till date, approx. 2000 brave soldiers of CRPF have made supreme sacrifice of their lives in the service of the Nation. For display in operational valour it has been decorated 01 George Cross, 03 King's PMG, 01 Ashok Chakra, 01 Kirti Chakra, 01 Vir Chakra, 12Shaurya Chakras,1 Padma Shree, 49 PPFSMG, 185 PPMG, 1028 PMG, 5 IPMG, 4 Vishist Seva Medal, 1 Yudh Seva Medal, 5Sena Medal, 91 PM's Police Medal for Life Saving and 2 Jeevan Raksha Padak. Besides Law and Order and counter insurgency duties, the role of CRPF in the General Elections, held repeatedly during the past few years, has been very significant and vital. This is especially true for the trouble torn States of J&K, Northeast, LWE and Naxal affected area. During the Parliamentary elections & State Assembly Election, the CRPF played a major role in the security arrangements. One of the vital roles of the CRPF, which is not very evident, is guarding vital Central Govt. installations such as Parliament, Airport, Powerhouses, Bridges, Doordarshan Kendras, All India Radio Stations, residence of Governors and Chief Ministers, Nationalised Banks and other Government establishments in insurgency affected States. The CRPF is ensuring the safety of the Democratic Institutions and preventing Estd: 1996 the takeover of civil society by the militants, in these highly disturbed areas. This contribution of the CRPF, though not very visible, is nonetheless very vital.